According to the history of Nepal, only the area of the Kathmandu Valley was known as Nepal by people living outside the valley. The name of “Nepal‘ was extended to all land conquered only after the annexation of the valley by Gorkha kingdom. As a result of conquer; the valley was changed as the capital, Kathmandu.
The origin of tourism in Nepal was actually started in Kathmandu valley so the valley is called the gateway to Nepal Tourism and even the most significant thing is the nerve center of the country’s economy. Kathmandu valley has the glorification of rich history dates back almost 2,000 years. The majority of people follow Hinduism after that Buddhism. Other major religions like Muslim and Christian are also prevail in the valley which offers a cosmopolitan cultural aspect of the city. The Nepali language is the most common, and the Nepal Bhasa (Newari language) is the language spoken by the indigenous population, especially the elderly, as this place is the center of the Newar people and culture. English and Hindi language is understood by most of the population.
From the point of view of heritage tourism, economic and cultural, the sister cities of Lalitpur (Patan) and Bhaktapur are considered integral to Kathmandu. The recognition of cultural heritage in the list of Unesco has recognized the monuments of the three cities as one unit under the title of “World Heritage of Kathmandu Valley by UNESCO.”
The city of Kathmandu is named after a structure in Basantapur Durbar Square called Kasthamandap. In Sanskrit Kastha means wood and Mandap means cover. This unique temple was built in 1596 and the two plants has its structure are made entirely of wood, have not been used iron nails or supports. Legend has it that the wood used to build this pagoda was obtained from a single tree. The name of Kathmandu in the medieval era was “Kantipur” a name still used to refer to the city. The name derives from the Sanskrit, where Kanti is an alternate name for the goddess Lakshmi and Pur means place
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