Mustang District and People of Mustang in Nepal

Mustang, A hidden world beyond the Himalayas is a bunch of flowers highly decorated in silver plate surrounded by chain of Himalayas from four sides. Mustang is basically covered by bare hills and deserted mountains. A separate world mustang’s chief attractions are these very mountains, peaks and bare hills. Attractions of Mustang are these bare mountains and snow covered Himalayas. The houses are embedded to each other within a circle feels like different bunches of flowers blooming in a single vessel. The brick found in Mustang is made from clay which is called “Pop” in local dialect. The use of stone is very rare so most of the houses are constructed by this clay and timber of “Bhote Pipal”. People of Mustang assume the heaps of firewood arranged in balcony as a special ornament. “Gheku” an entrance gate which is constructed in almost all villages to avoid evil spirit from entering village. In Gheku statue are made as guard or security compulsorily. There is ancient historical palace in Mustang. The king of the palace is Jigme Palwar Bista, a Tibetan warrior. “Amapal” in 14th century had established this monarch while tracing it in history of the present king. Jigme Palwar Bista is 25th successor of Amapal. In ancient time to run royal functions, kings constructed different palaces that can be seen as ruin in some villages. Jong Gharphu, a 5 storied cave with 44 rooms lying in the huge mountain of Choshar village. Approximately 2500 years ago, a group of Tibetan terrorists named “Hajigawa” attacked this village. All the villagers ran into this cave to save their lives but the terrorists thought that since there is no supply of water in cave they will surly come out one day. One girl played trick and washed her head by mustard oil. Terrorists thought that if there is water for bathing then there should be drinking water too. So terrorists thought it would be just waste of time so they returned back. This is the story about the cave but the curiosity on and when did this cave made even now also is matter of investigation. The fossils found at present prove that fore father of people of Mustang had lived in this cave. In small villages people are found having in those houses and huts which are modified from caves that were constructed by their ancestors.

Porridge of buckwheat, Thukpa, Momo, Dry meat of Yak, butter tea is main dish of Mustang. Similarly sheep, mountain goats, yak, jhopa, cow and horses are major domestic animals. The altitude ranges from 2500 to 5500 m the only means of transportation are jhopa, mule, horse, yak etc. These animals are as tough as geographical complexity. They have nothing to repent for carrying load. Instead they like to enjoy with snow and Himalayas. Thousands of native and foreign tourists visit mustang every year. They return back with complacency of the beauty of Himalayas and typical culture. The dominant religion in this region is Buddhism. Therefore the local dialect, culture and festivals are basically dedicated to Buddhism. The major language here is Tibetan. Most of the monasteries and stupas in mustang are located at the top of the hills and caves. So it’s natural for these heritages to last of ages. These Chhekangs and prayer rooms are extremely artistic and historical. “Hymn” scripted “Mhaldhang” and “Chhorten” can also be found in numbers. Darechhoks are placed at high altitudes wishing for peace, success prosperity, good health and long life of people. Never extinguishing flame keeps on burning in stone, clay and water which lies under the colossal of Chyerenshik. This flame is located at Muktinath Temple which is pious pilgrimage for both Hindus and Buddhists. Muktinath is not only famous in Nepal but also in abroad. There is famous 108 taps. The myth is that bathing in these taps redeemed all known and unknown sins of life. The name of this temple “Muktinath” has been named after this myth. Famous Muktinath temple symbolizes religious harmony in Nepal.

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